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Fév 13

Concept Note

Internationally, climate processes such as desertification, water resources depletion, salinization of agricultural land, and extreme weather events (floods, hurricanes… etc) which increased significantly during the past 30 years, resulted generally in disastrous consequences on vulnerable communities that were forced to migrate to other countries or regions. A migration that could be considered as a refuge from climate change hazards as well as an exit to improve their socio-economic conditions.

Such an interpretation has already been suggested by the Intergovernmental Group of Experts on the evolution of climate (IPCC, 1990), which increased international community awareness to the fact that climate change will force millions of people to migrate temporarily or permanently. Consequently, an international consensus around the protection of climate migrants rights was established and consolidated during the COP21 where climate migrants are set out in the preamble to the Paris agreement resulting in the creation of a Task-force to deal with this human mobility. To date, moreover, there are no clear evidence that climate change due to the sole climate variability could explain the relationship between climate and migration, mainly because of strong interferences from other important factors (economic, demographic, social, political, among other factors). This adds to the difficulty to analyze the current global migration phenomenon and to consider “climate movers” as climate migrants.

Such a reality brings forward the issue of the capacity of our governments to hold in environmental vulnerabilities and the effectiveness of existing legal instruments to regulate the issue of climate migration and to suggest appropriate answers. Also, given the transversal and complex nature of climate migration-related problems, the monitoring of this phenomenon can not be achieved without adopting a large perspective, ranging from prevention and even the forecast to the adaptation, within an international cooperation framework.

It is within this perspective that the Ministry in Charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Affairs organizes on May 20th, 2016, in Rabat, a symposium under the theme « Climate Migration: Trends and Chalenges ». This conference will be an opportunity to discuss the recent developments in climate migration and the relationships between climate change and human migration; and, to develop a framework argumentation concerning this issue within the COP22 conference scheduled to be held in November 2016 in Morocco.

Meeting Thematic:

The first session will mostly focus on international migration trends, at regional and national levels, to shed light on climate change effects on migration. Regional and national initiatives on mitigation and adaptation to prevent and to reduce climate migration and on the integration of the « climate change » factor in the monitoring of migration flows will be presented by international experts.

The second session will address the legal component. It will examine, in particular, the contribution of existing international and COP21 human natural disasters mobility agreements on climate migration, and the role of the COP22 in strengthening the protection of climate migrants.